AS Legalkan Tentara Transgender Untuk Bertugas

Menteri Pertahanan, Ash Carter, Mengumumkan Penghapusan Larangan Tentara Transgender Dalam Konferensi Pers (30/6) [Sumber : www.defense.gov]

Washington, Semarak.news – Departemen Pertahanan Amerika Serikat secara resmi menghapus larangan individu transgender untuk mendaftar sebagai tentara Amerika Serikat.

Kebijakan tersebut juga berlaku bagi tentara yang sedang menjalani proses transisi gender untuk dapat bertugas secara terbuka di kesatuannya dan hal ini akan berlaku secara bertahap dalam setahun ke depan.

“Ini adalah hal yang tepat dilakukan bagi masyarakat dan bagi angkatan bersenjata,” ucap Menteri Pertahanan Ash Carter.

Dalam kebijakan tersebut, secara tegas disebutkan bahwa tidak ada orang yang akan dipecat atau dilarang untuk mendaftar sebagai tentara AS berdasarkan identitas gender mereka.

Jamie Ewing, seorang tentara transgender yang dipecat dari militer AS, menyatakan bahwa dia sangat senang mendengar kebijakan Departemen Pertahanan tersebut.

“Saya sangat senang, Saya ingin mendaftar ulang dan berharap memakai seragam lagi sebagai tentara dalam Angkatan Bersenjata Amerika Serikat,” ucap Jamie Ewing.

Namun kebijakan ini ternyata dikritik oleh senator Partai Republik Jim Inhofe dari Oklahoma. Menurutnya pemerintah terlalu memaksakan agenda sosial mereka dan mengatakan kebijakan ini perlu dihentikan dulu untuk dikaji ulang.

Sebelumnya saat konferensi pers di Pentagon, Carter mengatakan bahwa Departemen Pertahanan AS tidak ingin identitas gender menjadi penghambat proses rekrutmen tentara AS.

“Misi kami adalah untuk membela negara ini, dan kami tidak ingin ada hambatan yang tidak terkait dengan kualifikasi seseorang mencegah kami untuk merekrut atau mempertahankan tentara, pelaut, pilot, atau marinir terbaik yang bisa memenuhi misi tersebut,” kata Carter.

Menurut Carter terdapat sekitar 2.500 individu transgender yang bertugas di kesatuan militer dari total personel 1,3 juta orang. Ia menambahkan, individu transgender diperbolehkan mendaftar dalam satu tahun, jika mereka dinilai sudah ‘stabil’ dengan identitas gender mereka selama 18 bulan.

Carter juga menyebutkan bahwa kebijakan seperti ini sudah diterapkan di negara-negara seperti Inggris, Israel dan Australia yang melegalkan personil transgender untuk bertugas secara terbuka. (TM)

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